HMRC have published guidance and examples of scams designed to trick individuals and businesses regarding claims of additional grants, tax rebates and more.

To help their investigations, HMRC encourages to report all HMRC related phishing emails, suspicious phone calls and text messages.

Report suspicious phone calls, emails or texts to HMRC here.

  • Even if you get the same or similar scam contacts often, report them.
  • Do not open attachments or click any links in an email or text message, as they may contain malicious software or direct you to a misleading website.
  • Delete any emails or texts once you have reported them.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) scams

Email scams

HMRC is aware of a phishing campaign telling customers they can claim ‘for the third grant’ as support during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Do not reply to the email and do not open any links in the message.

The email has been issued in various formats. This is an example of the scam:

Text scams

‘Due to the new lockdown support plan’ SMS

HMRC is aware of coronavirus (COVID-19) text scams telling customers they are entitled to funding due to the new lockdown support plan. Do not reply to the text and do not open any links in the message.

‘COVID-19 refund’ SMS

HMRC is aware of various text scams offering a refund in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic. Do not reply to the text and do not open any links in the message. Example:

Tax refund and rebate scams

Email addresses

HMRC will never send notifications by email about tax rebates or refunds.

Do not:

  • visit the website
  • open any attachments
  • disclose any personal or payment information

Fraudsters may spoof a genuine email address or change the ‘display name’ to make it appear genuine. If you are unsure, forward it to us and then delete it.

Example of a phishing email and misleading website:

Image showing an example of a scam email with a document attachment confirming a claim form has been submitted.

Image showing an example of a scam email with a hyperlink which directs you to a phishing website.

Image showing an example of a phishing website designed to trick you into disclosing personal information.

Text messages

HMRC will never ask for personal or financial information when we send text messages.

Do not reply if you get a text message claiming to be from HMRC offering you a tax refund in exchange for personal or financial details. Do not open any links in the message.

Send any phishing text messages to 60599 (network charges apply) or email then delete it. Example:

Suspicious phone calls

HMRC is aware of an automated phone call scam which will tell you HMRC is filing a lawsuit against you, and to press 1 to speak to a caseworker to make a payment. We can confirm this is a scam and you should end the call immediately. This scam has been widely reported and often targets elderly and vulnerable people.

Other scam calls may refer to National Insurance number fraud or offer a tax refund and request you to provide your bank or credit card information. If you cannot verify the identity of the caller, we recommend that you do not speak to them.

If you’ve been a victim of the scam and suffered financial loss, report it to Action Fraud.

The calls use a variety of phone numbers. To help us investigate, share call details on our suspicious phone call reporting form. Include the:

  • date of the call
  • phone number used
  • content of the call

WhatsApp messages

HMRC will never use ‘WhatsApp’ to contact customers about a tax refund. If you receive any communication through ‘WhatsApp’ saying it’s from HMRC, it is a scam. Email details of the message to then delete it.

Social media scams

HMRC is aware of direct messages sent to customers through social media. A recent scam was identified on Twitter offering a tax refund. These messages are not from genuine HMRC social media accounts and are a scam. We never use social media to:

  • offer a tax rebate
  • request personal or financial information

If you cannot verify the identify of the social media account, send the details by email to: and ignore it.

Refund companies

HMRC is aware of companies that send emails or texts advertising their services. They offer to apply to HMRC for a tax rebate on your behalf, usually for a fee. These companies are not connected with HMRC in any way.

You should read the ‘small print’ and disclaimers before using their services.

For further details, please visit the Government website