Government legislation that will make it illegal for any business to charge customers extra for using credit and debit cards will come into force from 13 February2018. The measure, which is part of a raft of changes being made European wide as a result of the Payment Services Directive 2 was designed to protect consumers from excessive charges

This is a measure that will have a financial effect on businesses. Current guidance is that any surcharges (over that of a cash transaction) for using credit or debit cards will be illegal and subject to action by trading standards.

There is no obligation on a business to accept any particular form of payment. Businesses remain able to restrict the use of cards by maximum and minimum amounts providing any restrictions are clearly noted prior to any transaction.

ASA Ruling

The Advertising Standards Authority have recently issued guidelines on how ex-fleet vehicles should be advertised for sale. ASA rules now require that any fleet operator selling ex-fleet vehicles to provide information regarding the nature of the vehicle and its use within any advertising.

This follows the reversal of an earlier decision on a complaint where 2 vehicles had been described in advertising as having one owner when in fact that owner was a fleet company and the vehicle was ex-fleet. Within the revised complaint the ASA stated that :

“if a dealer was aware that a vehicle was ex-fleet because it had previously been used for business purposes, then that was material information likely to influence a consumer’s decision to purchase it. Furthermore, if a dealer knew that such an ex-fleet vehicle was used by multiple users, then that too, was material information for consumers to make an informed decision.”

Whilst the most recent rulings and guidance have again highlighted the issues, the law behind it is not new and businesses have been under a duty to accurately describe and actively disclose such things under the Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations (CPUTRs) for almost a decade.

The CPUTRs came into force in May 2008 and were amended and strengthened in 2014 by The Consumer Protection (Amendment) Regulations 2014. The CPUTR expressly forbid, as the name would suggest, unfair businesses practices that could detrimentally impact a consumer or sway their decision to buy a vehicle. This includes misleading acts, such as describing a vehicle as having one owner when that one owner was a hire company, as well as misleading omissions.

Under the CPUTR a trader is required to actively disclose any information that would cause or is likely to cause the average consumer to take a transactional decision he would not have taken otherwise.

The CPUTR are not motor trade specific and do not provide a definitive list of information that should be disclosed. However, it is generally understood that issues such as significant accident damage, multi-user user use, ex-fleet and hire company vehicles as well as taxis and driving school vehicles should all be disclosed.

The CPUTR are particularly important as a breach of the regulations is a criminal offence for not only for the company but also where appropriate company officers personally. In addition, a breach of the regulations can entitle consumers to unwind the deal or claim a discount between 25% to 100% or even compensation.

Due Diligence

There is no requirement to disclose anything of which you are not aware. Where a company can establish that they have taken reasonable steps to ensure the accuracy of their description of the vehicle and to ascertain whether there are any material facts that should be disclosed, there will be no breach.

The following actions that would help establish due diligence and protect dealers from prosecution under the CPR’s are:

  • Vehicle history checks pre-sale
  • Vehicle Mileage Check pre-sale
  • Disclose Mileage Discrepancies
  • Pre-sales mechanical checks
  • Check to see if the vehicle is subject to any recalls
  • Record all vehicle checks in case there is a need at a later date to refer to them.


Remember, as an RMI member you have access to the RMI legal advice line, as well as a number of industry experts for your assistance. Should you require further information in respect of the article above, contact the legal advice line at any stage for advice and assistance as appropriate.

Motor Industry Legal Services

Motor Industry Legal Services (MILS Solicitors) provides fully comprehensive legal advice and representation to UK motor retailers for one annual fee. It is the only law firm in the UK which specialises in motor law and motor trade law. MILS currently advises over 1,000 individual businesses within the sector as well as the Retail Motor Industry Federation (RMI) and its members.